Spine and peripheral nerve disorders: Neurosurgical evaluation of neck and back pain, nerve compression syndromes, peripheral nerve (including nerve compression, such as carpal tunnel syndrome), herniated intervertebral discs, and spinal cord compression syndromes and spine surgery.
Brain tumors: Malignant tumors of the brain, spine and peripheral nerves. Benign tumors, including meningioma, epidermoid, dermoid, hemangioblastoma, colloid cyst, subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma and craniopharyngioma.
Neurovascular diseases:Aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), as well as other neurovascular concerns of the brain and spinal cord. Carotid endarterectomy to prevent stroke, transient ischemic attack or TIA.
Other conditions treated by neurosurgeons include:
- Meningitis and other central nervous system infections including abscesses
- Cervical spinal stenosis and lumbar spinal stenosis
- Head trauma (brain hemorrhages, skull fractures, etc.)
- Spinal cord trauma
- Traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves
- Tumors of the spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
- Intracerebral hemorrhage, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage, interdepartmental and intracellular hemorrhages
- Some forms of movement disorders (advanced Parkinson's disease, chorea); this involves the use of specially developed minimally-invasive stereotactic techniques (functional, stereotactic neurosurgery), such as ablative surgery and deep brain stimulation surgery
- Intractable pain of cancer or trauma patients and cranial/peripheral nerve pain
- Vascular malformations (i.e., arteriovenous malformations, venous angiomas, cavernous angiomas, capillary telangectasias) of the brain and spinal cord